Treating Canine UTI at an early stage will relieve your dog of a lot of discomfort and prevent other health problems from developing at a later stage.
The lower part of the canine urinary tract is made up of the bladder and urethra. The upper portion comprises of the kidneys and ureters, two tubes that carry urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder. The prostate gland surrounds the urethra in males. The entire system excluding the urethra is generally sterile, but pathogens from the environment enter into the urethra, the duct through which urine is dispatched, in most mammals.
Some breeds of dog are more likely to develop urinary tract infections. Also, due to proximity to humans, dogs have become more susceptible to basic human ailments like UTIs. In fact now,urinary tract infection in dogs is far more common than it is in humans.
Urinary tract infections generally occur at a single site, the bladder, ureters, kidneys, urethra, or the prostate glands, but it can impact upon more than one site at the same time. Common signs of a UTI in puppies and adult dogs include the amount, color, frequency, and smell of urine. These are usually sufficient to suspect the prevalence of a urinary infection in dogs. Confirmation can be furnished by a physical examination of the bladder. Even so, complete diagnosis must include a laboratory examination and a urine culture to check evidence of pus and blood to identify the disease causing bacterium, and to eliminate or confirm any underlying disease.
Treating canine uti, requires the use of antimicrobials to control bacterial growth, with therapy lasting until the time the dog's own immune system is strong enough to prevent further colonization of the pathogen. Effective drugs are usually metabolized by the kidneys and passed off through urine, necessitating high and lengthy drug concentration of the antimicrobials to accomplish desired results.
Treating canine uti in the upper tract and Instances of scarring or inflammation of the kidney by a bacterial infection or the presence of calculi requires a different approach. If the prostate gland in males has been infected as well, it can cause canine incontinence. These issues can be addressed with prostatitis medication.
Antibiotics work rapidly and render quick respite from symptoms. The full course of antibiotic therapy prescribed for treatment should be completed to avoid the return of canine urinary tract infections, as chronic UTI treatment can cause direct as well as indirect problems for the dog. Frequent infections would more often than not lead to infections of distant organs in the body if the bacteria travel through the blood stream. Additionally, regular administration of antibiotics induces overall weakening of the immune system, which could lead to other problems.