The Golden retriever temperament conjures up an image of a friendly, active dog and is familiar to anyone who has seen a magazine ad or TV commercial. The reason that breed features prominently in so many of them is because it's all true!
Golden Retrievers are one of the most easily trained breeds because they are smart, active and sociable. They don't need any encouragement to participate in any sort of outdoor activity because they love anything that gets them moving. From their beginning as a derivative of Russian circus dogs in the mid-19th century, they've been bred to retrieve.
Fetching a ball, jumping short fences and other such activities come as a natural extension to the basic golden retriever temperament.
They're easily socialized and friendly with people and usually other animals. Individuals dogs vary, but they generally adapt well to children and other pets. But proper socialization does take a modest amount of training. Golden Retrievers can be territorial and will bark at or chase animals and people who are not part of their regular environment.
In general, they don't make good watch dogs or guard dogs despite their ready bark. They will definitely alert on the approach of the delivery person, but they also will bark at random movement. Teaching them to tell the difference can be a big challenge. They may bark at a stationary car or a rabbit dashing across the grass outside. Too many false alarms make most of them unsuitable for that role.
Also, since they're so friendly by nature, they will almost never attack a person. Training them to do so is not consistent with the golden retriever's temperament. Though they bark, they rarely bite. Their bark is a greeting, not a warning or a sign of anger. And though they can be mouthy, owing to their breeding history, biting in anger or protection is very rare indeed.
They are among the most intelligent of breeds, and can learn a wide variety of behaviors with little effort. They are easy to house train and after the least amount of training will give clear notification if they want to be let outside to eliminate. Training them to fetch is almost automatic, but they can also be taught easily to sit, stay, roll over and more.
Leash training a golden retriever, as with many large breeds, can be a challenge. But because they're eager to please, they can be taught to patiently wait at your side, or walk along without pulling forward. As with any training program, this can take a few weeks and is best carried out while the dog is young.
Golden retrievers are very active and energetic by nature, so it.s important to give them plenty of room to run and lots of exercise. Inside the house, they can get into trouble without intending to. Their tails wag often because they're generally a happy and active breed and this is how they express it. That can cause objects to get knocked off the coffee table, or anywhere else low enough for them to reach.
The golden retriever temperament is such that they prefer company and hate being left alone for long periods. If there's no one at home during the day, it is a good idea to have another dog as company.
Golden retrievers are a great breed for anyone who wants an active, friendly dog, one they're willing to devote time and attention to.