The Dachshund, 'wiener dog', 'hot dog', or 'sausage dog' as it is sometimes disparagingly called because of it's long body, makes a great companion. The breed can be traced back to ancient Egyptian times and is popular now all over Europe and the U.S.A.
A full grown dog can weigh anywhere from 16 to 32 pounds, where as the miniature version weighs around 11 pounds. Once called the German Dachshund, it was much larger wieghing up to fourty pounds.
The name translates in German to 'badger dog' because of its amazing hunting, chasing, and scent abilities. Dachshunds were originally bred to be courageous and tough in order to hunt badgers, foxes and rabbits.
The breed is known for having crooked, short legs. It has a barrel shaped chest, quite loose skin, and an elongated body. The Dachshund is bred for a smooth, longhair, and wirehair coat.
This breed comes in a wide variety of colors although the most common colors are a mixture of red, black, chocolate and brown. The Dachshund would generally have black hair mixed in with the other colors on it's back, tail, edges of the ears, and face.
If you plan to show your dog, the popular all chocolate and all black dogs would be disqualified.
This is an energetic, intelligent and loyal companion but can be a bit of a challenge when it comes to training. It's bark is quite loud and snorting due to the barrel shaped chest.
Most dogs are quite healthy but as you might imagine, with such an elongated body, they can have trouble with their spine especially if they become obese. Care should be taken when picking up your dog, always support both ends of his body. Dachshunds can also be susceptible to dental and kidney problems.
If you don't intend to breed your dog, spaying her will reduce the chances of many cancers and infections in the reproductive organs and help her to live a long and healthy life.