To reduce the risk of your dog developing canine bladder stones,
it's very important to let your dog drink enough water and also to allow him to urinate frequently.
Your dog's diet also needs great consideration, because excess quantities of magnesium, calcium, or phosphorus can contribute to the formation of canine bladder stones.
Other factors are the pH balance and UTI's or urinary tract infections. Urine typically tends to be more acidic in dogs. Stones of different makeup of minerals can form in both acidic and alkaline urine.
Many medicines like diuretics, cortisone, sulpha drugs, and tetracycline increase calcium levels in the urine that can increase the chances of formation of crystals and stones. Ammonium urate bladder stones are also among the many consequences of a liver shunt, a condition of abnormal blood flow to the liver.
The treatment of canine bladder stones hinges upon the type, size and composition of the stones. Almost half of canine bladder stones are struvite and are predominantly found in female dogs. Excessive struvite crystals are generally formed due to urinary tract infection.
A bacterial infection raises the urine pH to neutral or alkaline. Antibiotic therapy founded on the type of bacteria and diuretics for flushing out urine help to solve the problem.
The second most common type of bladder stones in dogs is calcium oxalate. These are generally caused by increased levels of calcium in the blood stream.
The only treatment available for these types of bladder stones is surgical removal. Ammonium urate stones are usually treated with allopurinol that checks the excessive formation of uric acid.
Many canine bladder stones can be dissolved by feeding the dog with a particular diet that controls a reduced amount of certain minerals and proteins. A diet that effects urine pH and helps in increased urination to flush out the bladder is best.
For some types and sizes of bladder stones, surgery could be the only alternative. Surgical removal of bladder stones is called cystotomy. It normally is successful in solving the issue and furnishing relief from canine urinary incontinance issues, too.
Even so, surgery is only the first step, since stones are prone to recur. Lifelong medication and increased attention to the type of diet is called for even after surgery to ensure that the problem does not happen again.