The success of treatments for cancer in dogs is directly linked to the point at which they are discovered. If not diagnosed early, there are substantial probabilities of cancer in dogs spreading to vital organs making operative removal out of the question.
All cancers don't come about as tumors that may be discovered upon the surface of the body. Consequently these tumors are not very easy to find and monitor. In numerous instances, malignant cancer symptoms develop as symptoms that are connected directly to the organ it affects.
Symptoms like gastrointestinal bleeding or looseness of the bowels are related to a tumor in the stomach, small and large intestines or colon. Likewise, cancer in hormone-producing organs shows up in the form of endocrinal disorders and brain or spinal cord tumors are linked with neurological symptoms.
Even so, there are cases where cancer gives rise to general symptoms that don't point to a particular organ. For instance, the symptoms of cancer of the liver in dogs can be associated with loss of appetite, a bloated stomach and weakness can be associated with cancer as well as other ailments. Some of the additional non-specific symptoms include weight loss, feverishness, muscle weakness, skin rash, hair loss and sluggishness.
As such, a wait and watch policy could prove to be highly serious as there is always an accompanying danger of metastasis. Diagnostic procedures like laboratory testing and radiological examination are really helpful in ascertaining existence of a cancer in the body in its early phases. Routines used in human oncology are similar to those applied to check prevalence of cancer in dogs.
X-Rays are probably the most commonly employed method for radiographic imaging, as advanced facilities like CT (Computed Tomography) and MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) are not widely available in veterinary medicine. CT and MRI offer a lot clearer answers with the power to provide section-wise, three-dimensional pictures of regions concealed behind tissues.
Ultrasound imaging is generally applied by veterinarians for imaging solid organs and for guiding needles inside the body for extracting fluid from a tumor for laboratory testing. PET (Positron Emission Tomography) is a recent addition in canine cancer diagnostic procedures.
Prevalence of cancer in dogs can also be ascertained by molecules termed as tumor markers. Cancer cells produce molecules that are unlike the ones created by conventional cells. Different tumor markers linked with body organs also supply critical information on prognosis, staging and monitoring.
The following step after diagnosis is to decide the level at which the disease is. Cancer staging is among the most significant aspects of cancer diagnosis that determines the treatment selections that are most beneficial to adopt.
Tumor size, invasion of regional lymph nodes and an apprehension of the extent of spread of cancerous cell is essential to evaluate medical prognosis and clinical management.
Whilst there are no recognised definite preventative measures to avoid pet cancer, well timed intervention can prove to be of great help. It is highly recommended that you confer with your veterinarian as soon as you come across any signs of discomfort in your dog.
Types of Cancer in Dogs