The AKC.
Know Your Dog's Genealogy

When you shop for a purebred dog, you will possibly notice that many breeders use the initials AKC when they speak about their purebred puppies. 

What precisely is this organisation ? These initials stand for the American Kennel Club, a registry for purebred dogs born in the United States. It holds dog shows and obedience competitions, helps preserve breed standards, and registers puppies of recognized breeds.

The AKC registers dogs from over a hundred different dog breeds.

For a dog to be registered with the AKC, the breeder needs to have  papers for both parents. Each litter is registered as a group soon after the puppies are born.

When the puppies are eight weeks old, the breeder gets a registration application for each puppy. This form goes with the puppy to his new home. The new owner chooses a name to record the puppy under and sends the application in to the American Kennel Club.

The AKC has divided the dog breeds it recognizes into eight different groups. These groups are the Sporting Group, the Hound Group, the Working Group, the Terrier Group, the Toy Group, the Non-Sporting Group, the Herding Group, and the Miscellaneous Class.

Every dog breed recognized by the organisation is listed in one of these groups and will compete in its breed and then its group in the show ring.

AKC Sporting Group

Dogs in the Sporting Group are an energetic, hard working bunch. These dogs need plenty of exercise, since they were bred to spend long hours spotting and retrieving game. Some popular members of the Sporting Group are the Golden Retriever and the Cocker Spaniel.

AKC Hound Group

If you are more interested in protecting your home, you will need to take a look at dogs in the Working Group. These big dogs are robust animals with strong protective instincts. Doberman Pinschers and Rottweilers are just two of the dog breeds in this group.

AKC Terrier Group

Dogs in the Terrier Group love to hunt mice and rats. This group includes the dour Scottish Terriers and the personable Miniature Schnauzers.

AKC Toy Group

The Toy Group may be made up of dogs that are small in size, but their hearts are just as big as those of any other dogs. The Yorkshire Terrier and the Miniature Pinscher are both Toy dogs.

AKC Herding Group

Dogs in the Herding Group possess a strong herding instinct. The Collie and the German Shepherd are members of this group.

AKC Non Sporting Group

The Non-Sporting Group has dogs that don't entirely fit anywhere else. The Boston Terrier and Standard Poodles are members of the Non-Sporting Group.

AKC Miscellaneous Group

The final group, the Miscellaneous Class, is where the AKC puts breeds that are still proving themselves. The Redbone Coonhound is a member of this group.

While it may be the most accepted kennel club in America, it is far from being the only kennel club. If your dog is not registered with AKC, you may be able to still register it with another group.

The United Kennel Club, the American Canine Association, the Canine Kennel Club, and the North American Purebred Dog Registry are a few other American kennel clubs.

Of course, foreign born dogs have ancestors, too. There is some sort of dog registry in most countries. Most dogs born outside of the United States must be registered with their country's breed registry and then brought to the United States before the AKC will consider registering them.

British dogs are registered through the Kennel Club, while dogs born in Australia are registered by the Victorian Canine Association, which is part of Australia's National Kennel Council.

The Canadian Kennel Club, or CKC, is Canada's version of the AKC. Dogs registered with the CKC do not have to come to the United States to be registered with the AKC.

As you look into the AKC and the different registries available, just bear in mind that even if you can't register your dog, the most important thing about him is not his pedigree. Enjoying his loving, loyal companionship is more important than knowing who his ancestors are!